Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental health disorder that generates significant emotional instability. This can lead to a variety of other stressful mental and behavioral problems.With borderline personality disorder, you may have a severely distorted self-image and feel worthless and fundamentally flawed. Anger, impulsiveness and frequent mood swings may push others away, even though you may desire to have loving and lasting relationships.

Signs and Symptons

  • Marked mood swings with periods of intense depressed mood, irritability and/or anxiety lasting a few hours to a few days (but not in the context of a full-blown episode of major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder).
  • Inappropriate, intense or uncontrollable anger.
  • Impulsive behaviors that result in adverse outcomes and psychological distress, such as excessive spending, sexual encounters, substance use, shoplifting, reckless driving or binge eating.
  • Recurring suicidal threats or non-suicidal self-injurious behavior, such as cutting or burning one’s self.
  • Unstable, intense personal relationships, sometimes alternating between “all good,” idealization, and “all bad,” devaluation.
  • Persistent uncertainty about self-image, long-term goals, friendships and values.
  • Chronic boredom or feelings of emptiness.
  • Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment.

Some people that you may know who have this disability is Angelina Jolie and Doug Ferrari

Angelina Jolie is a famous American actress, screenwriter, film director and author. She has been given an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards and two Screen Actors Guild Awards. In the years 2009, 2011 and 2013, she was named Hollywood’s highest-paid actress by the Forbes magazine. Angelina Jolie went voluntarily into a Neuropsychiatric Institute in the late 1990’s as she claimed suicidal and homicidal ideations. However, it was reported that she had no intention or plan to carry them out. She was given a diagnosis of presumptive borderline personality disorder, which stands of an Axis II Personality Disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illness (DSM-IV).

 

 

Doug Ferrari, also known as “Dougzilla,” is one of the famous comedians whose life changed after he was diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. He suffered from severe anger outbursts, beating his wife and ultimately destroying his home. He was even sent to jail due to doing this. However, now, he is dedicated to personal therapy, maintenance, medications and performs at charity events, trying his best to spread awareness about BPD. Since the year 2004, he has been clean and sober and he will never forget the community support that he was provided especially by Pritchard, who encouraged him to attend recovery group meetings and also helped him with his turnaround.

Clearly they both had very extreme setbacks but they continue to strive and do well. the strength you have is unbelievable sometimes. if you have the drive and determination you can be the best you can.

Resources

-http://www.bpdresourcecenter.org/

-http://www.bpdresourcecenter.org/treatmentOptions.html

-http://psychcentral.com/resources/Personality/

Depression

When you have depression, it interferes with daily life and causes pain for both you and those who care about you. Depression is a common but serious illness.

  • Psychotic depression, which occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false beliefs or a break with reality (delusions), or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others cannot hear or see (hallucinations).
  • Postpartum depression, which is much more serious than the “baby blues” that many women experience after giving birth, when hormonal and physical changes and the new responsibility of caring for a newborn can be overwhelming. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth.
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), which is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. The depression generally lifts during spring and summer. SAD may be effectively treated with light therapy, but nearly half of those with SAD do not get better with light therapy alone. Antidepressant medication and psychotherapy can reduce SAD symptoms, either alone or in combination with light therapy.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” feelings
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex
  • Fatigue and decreased energy
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
  • Overeating, or appetite loss
  • Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.

some people with depressions that many of us should know or have seen on tv are Jon Hamn,Owen Wilson, Gwyneth Paltrow and Kendra Wilkinson.

jon-hamm-depowen-wilson-depgwyneth-paltrow-depkendra-wilkinson-dep

Depression is a daily struggle and it will continue to affect people but these people have made it far in life despite there mental illness.

Resources

-http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression_support_resources

-http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Resource_Centers/Depression_Resource_Center/Home.aspx

-http://teenmentalhealth.org/for-families-and-teens/depression/

 

Bipolar

Bipolar disorder is sometimes called manic-depressive disorder it is associated with mood swings that range from the lows of depression to the highs of mania. When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts in the other direction, you may feel euphoric and full of energy. Mood shifts may occur only a few times a year, or as often as several times a day. In some cases, bipolar disorder causes symptoms of depression and mania at the same time.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Depressed mood most of the day; feeling sad or empty, tearful
  • Significant loss of interest or pleasure in activities that used to be enjoyable
  • Significant weight loss (when not dieting) or weight gain; decrease or increase in appetite
  • Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Agitation; or slowing down of thoughts and reduction of physical movements
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
  • Poor concentration or having difficulty making decisions
  • Thinking about death or suicide

 

People you know that have Bipolar Disorder is Catherine Zeta- Jones, Kurt Cobain. Clearly both of these people have done alright in there career and have made it pretty far in there life despite there disability.

catherine-zeta-jones-bipolarkurt-cobain

 

Resources

-http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Mental_Illnesses/Bipolar1/Resources_-_Bipolar_Disorder.htm

-http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Resource_Centers/Bipolar_Disorder_Resource_Center/Home.aspx

-http://www.dbsalliance.org/site/PageServer?pagename=home

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post traumatic stress disorder also known as PTSD develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. The person who develops PTSD may have been the one who was harmed, the harm may have happened to a loved one, or the person may have witnessed a harmful event that happened to loved ones or strangers. 

When in danger, it’s natural to feel afraid. This fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to prepare to defend against the danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. But in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this reaction is changed or damaged. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even when they’re no longer in danger.

PTSD was first brought to public attention in relation to war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plane crashes, bombings, or natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes.

 

Signs and Symptoms

 

1. Re-experiencing symptoms

  • Flashbacks—reliving the trauma over and over, including physical symptoms like a racing heart or sweating
  • Bad dreams
  • Frightening thoughts.

2. Avoidance symptoms

  • Staying away from places, events, or objects that are reminders of the experience
  • Feeling emotionally numb
  • Feeling strong guilt, depression, or worry
  • Losing interest in activities that were enjoyable in the past
  • Having trouble remembering the dangerous event.

3. Hyperarousal symptoms

  • Being easily startled
  • Feeling tense or “on edge”
  • Having difficulty sleeping, and/or having angry outbursts.

Almost everyone knows someone with PTSD. Most every veteran has some level of PTSD.  Some people that you should know that have PTSD are Johnny Depp and Keira Knightly.

Both of these people have PTSD. They continue to struggle daily. Johnny Depp has PTSD from a childhood injury and that effects him know to this day. But he still has got past this and still and he has done fine with his acting career.

Then there is Keira Knightly also has PTSD, she has also done fine with her acting career.

 

Resources

-http://www.ptsd.va.gov/

-http://www.ptsdalliance.org/resources.html

-http://maketheconnection.net/conditions/ptsd

Eating Disorders

There are a couple of different kinds of eating disorders. the most common ones are anorexia and bulimia, then there is binge eating disorder. An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating.

Anorexia is when someone becomes obsessed with dieting. its also the brain tells the body there fat yet there very thin.The process of eating becomes an obsession. Unusual eating habits develop, such as avoiding food and meals, picking out a few foods and eating these in small quantities, or carefully weighing and portioning food. They may repeatedly check their body weight or engage in other techniques to control their weight, such as intense and compulsive exercise, or purging by means of vomiting and abuse of laxatives, enemas, and diuretics

Signs and Symptoms

  • Thinning of the bones
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • dry and yellowish skin
  • Growth of fine hair over body
  • Mild anemia and muscle weakness and loss
  • Severe constipation
  • Low blood pressure, slowed breathing and pulse
  • Drop in internal body temperature, causing a person to feel cold all the time
  • Lethargy
  • Infrequent or absent menstrual periods

Bulimiais characterized by recurrent and frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling a lack of control over the eating. This binge-eating is followed by purging (vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics), fasting, or excessive exercise.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Chronically inflamed and sore throat
  • Swollen glands in the neck and below the jaw
  • Worn tooth enamel and increasingly sensitive and decaying teeth as a result of exposure to stomach acids
  • Gastroesophageal reflex disorder (GERD)
  • Intestinal distress and irritation from laxative abuse
  • Kidney problems from diuretic abuse
  • Severe dehydration from purging of fluids

Binge eatingPeople with binge-eating disorder experience frequent episodes of out-of-control eating. But they do not purge their bodies of excess calories, and many people with this disorder are overweight or obese. They experience feelings of guilt, shame, or distress, often leading to another cycle of binge eating.

 

These to young women are well known from the Disney channel. Demi Lovato, Mary-Kate Olson. They both have an eating disorder. they both have checked there self’s into treatment centers and slowly over come there eating disorder. that does not mean it will just go away over night but it will be more manageable.

Both of these young women are very strong and working hard to recover from there eating disorder and you have to remember your not alone there are so many people out there to support you and cheer you on.

 

 

 

Resources

-http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/resource-links

-http://www.edrcsv.org/

-http://www.anad.org/

Anxiety

Anxiety is a general term for several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. These disorders affect how we feel and behave, and they can manifest real physical symptoms. Mild anxiety is vague and unsettling, while severe anxiety can be extremely debilitating, having a serious impact on daily life. There are differnt kind of anxiety disorders they are 

General Anxiety Disorder(GAD)

 

Panic Disorder

 

Phobia

 

Soical Anxiety Disorder

 

Separation Anxiety Disorder

 

 

Hopeful you know who John Mayer is pop singer. John has panic disorder. He did not have this growing up but once he became a  well known celebrity and the high level of stress he has to deal with on a daily basis he realized he was having a problem and saw that he needed to get a help, he did and he know cares anxiety medication at all times know so he can use them if he starts to have a panic attack. John saw he had a problem and fixed the problem and he know can do everyday life again.

 

 

 

Resources

-https://www.adaa.org/

-http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml

-http://www.anxieties.com/

 

Obsession Compulsive Disorder(OCD)

OCD is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviors you feel compelled to perform. Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) fall into one of the following categories:

  • Washers are afraid of contamination. They usually have cleaning or hand-washing compulsions.
  • Checkers repeatedly check things (oven turned off, door locked, etc.) that they associate with harm or danger.
  • Doubters and sinners are afraid that if everything isn’t perfect or done just right something terrible will happen or they will be punished.
  • Counters and arrangers are obsessed with order and symmetry. They may have superstitions about certain numbers, colors, or arrangements.
  • Hoarders fear that something bad will happen if they throw anything away. They compulsively hoard things that they don’t need or use.

 

 

some people u may know is Cameron Diaz, Howie Mandel, they both have OCD.  Cameron Diaz is a very good actor despite her disability. Cameron is a “hand washer” she can wash her hands up to 50 times a day.

Then Howie is  one of the best stand up comedians. Howie can’t shake hands with anyone due to mysophobia. Basically being the fear of dirt and germs, for this reason Howie shaves his head because it helps him feel cleaner.

They both are very well known celebrity and can hold there disability together enough for know one even really know they even have a disability. Clearly they have gotten far in life with a mental illness. Both of them are currently working through there struggles so they can do batter in there careers.

 

 

Resources 

-http://www.ocfoundation.org/resources.aspx

-http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd

-http://nas.psy.sdsu.edu/obsessivecompulsive.php

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that generally appears in late adolescence or early adulthood – however, it can emerge at any time in life. It is one of many brain diseases that may include delusions, loss of personality (flat affect), confusion, agitation, social withdrawal, psychosis, and bizarre behavior.People with schizophrenia may hear voices that are not there. Some may be convinced that others are reading their minds, controlling how they think, or plotting against them. This can distress patients severely and persistently, making them withdrawn and frantic.

Symptoms

  • Positive symptoms – also known as psychotic symptoms. These are symptoms that appear, which people without schizophrenia do not have. For example, delusion.
  • Negative symptoms – these refer to elements that are taken away from the individual; loss or absence of normal traits or abilities that people without schizophrenia normally have. For example, blunted emotion.
  • Cognitive symptoms – these are symptoms within the person’s thought processes. They may be positive or negative symptoms, for example, poor concentration is a negative symptom.
  • Emotional symptoms – these are symptoms within the person’s feelings. They are usually negative symptoms, such as blunted emotions.

 

Vincent Van Gogh had schizophrenia also. He was a well known man for his art he is the one who created the starry night. He was known for the artist who cut his ear off. Which is a myth he actually got in a fight with one of his friends another artist and after that fight he had a mental breakdown and took a razor blade to his left ear lobe and that was the cause of his schizophrenia

Clearly He made a good life and still famous despite is moody breakdown episodes. Which came from his schizophrenia.

 

Resources

-http://www.schizophrenia.com/coping.html

-http://www.invegasustenna.com/helpful-resources?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=Schizophrenia+-+Awareness&utm_term=schizophrenia%20resources&utm_content=Schizophrenia+Resources|mkwid|sERA7iD81_dc_dc|pcrid|33243244838

-http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/schizophrenia-resources-index

Mental illness/Disability

The Next two weeks I will be talking about mental health. mental Health is also considered a disability which is normally overlooked and people don’t realize that it is a serious disability that can really change peoples life’s. The definition of mental illness is a medical condition that disrupts a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning.

The Mental illness I will be talking about are, schizophrenia,depression, Bipolar, Anxiety, Multiple personality disorder, Eating Disorder, Obsession compulsive disorder(OCD),and Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Mental illness affect 1 in 4 people. that’s a lot of people. I am sure that everyone knows at least one person with a mental illness. Mental illness is a serious thing and  affects  not just the person with the disability but everyone that is around them.

Some people that I will be talking about in the next two weeks are. Vincent Van Gogh, the famous artist with one ear. Then actor Cameron Diaz, Another person you will know is Jessica Alba another really good actor, Another Person John Mayer

  Celebrities With Anxiety Disorders: Cameron Diaz Celebrities With Anxiety Disorders: Jessica Alba  john mayer, anxiety attacks

 

All these people have something in common and it a mental illness which you will get to learn more about there disability om the next two weeks.

 

Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI.

This clip explains a Traumatic Brain Injury.

 

This next clip is how someone lives there daily life with this disability

 

some one you may know this man, He is George Clooney he is a survivor of a traumatic brain injury.

George Clooney

 

In one of the films he was acting in he got caught in an accident and  tore the dura – the membrane that surrounds the spine and brain and holds in the spinal fluid.This caused excruciating pain which he says was like having a “severe ice cream brain freeze that lasted 24 hours a day”. After being examined by a specialist he had to have surgery – but still suffers agonizing headaches.

George Clooney is still acting today despite his brain injury and has come out of this whole experience and tragedy a new man and it has defiantly has changed his life but e still is succeeding day by day and getting through life despite his disability.

 

 

 

 

Resources

-http://braininjurygroupfoundation.sharepoint.com/Pages/default.aspx

-http://www.biausa.org/

-http://www.tbinrc.com/